- Week 1: The Truth about Data Breaches walked through the Equifax breach and how to protect your identity after this breach.
- Week 2: Focused how to protect SCL Health confidential information such as patient and credit card information.
- Week 3: Explained Social Engineering and how to not fall victim to a scam at work or at home.
- In week 4 we are focusing on how to help others secure themselves. This may be a parent, a child, a neighbor, or anybody who does not feel comfortable in how to securely use technology.
Many of us feel comfortable with technology, to include how to use it safely and securely. However, other friends or family members may not feel so comfortable. In fact, they may be confused, intimidated, or even scared by it. This makes them very vulnerable to today’s cyber attackers. Cyber security at home does not have to be scary, and you can help guide them in understanding the basics.
Five Simple Steps
Here are five simple steps you can take to help others overcome those fears and securely make the most of today’s technology.
- Social Engineering: Social engineering is a common technique used by cyber attackers to trick or fool people into doing something they should not do, such as sharing their password, infecting their computer, or sharing sensitive information. This is nothing new. Scams and con artists have existed for thousands of years. The only difference now is bad guys are applying these same concepts to the Internet. You can help others by explaining to them the most common clues of a social engineering attack, such as when someone creates a tremendous sense of urgency, when something is too good to be true, or when a cyber-attacker pretends to be someone you know but their messages don’t sound like them. Share examples of common social engineering attacks, such as phishing emails or the infamous Microsoft tech-support phone calls. If nothing else, make sure family members understand they should never give their password to anyone or allow remote access to their computer.
- Passwords: Strong passwords are key to protecting devices and any online accounts. Walk your family members through how to create strong passwords. We recommend passphrases, as they are the easiest to both type and remember. Passphrases are nothing more than passwords made up of multiple words. In addition, help them to install and use a password manager. It is important to have a unique password for each of your devices and accounts. Finally, help them enable two-step verification (often called two-factor authentication) for important accounts. Two-step verification is one of the most effective steps you can take to secure any account.
- Patching: Keeping systems current and fully up-to-date is a key step anyone can take to secure their devices. This is not only true for your computers and mobile devices, but anything connected to the Internet, such as gaming consoles, thermometers, or even lights or speakers. The simplest way to ensure all devices are current is to enable automatic updating whenever possible.
- Anti-Virus: People make mistakes. We sometimes click on or install things we probably should not, which could infect our systems. Anti-virus is designed to protect us from those mistakes. While anti-virus cannot stop all malware, it does help detect and stop the more common attacks. As such, make sure any home computers have anti-virus installed and that it is current and active. In addition, many of today’s anti-virus solutions include other security technology, such as firewalls and browser protection.
- Backups: When all else fails, backups are often the only way you can recover from mistakes (like deleting the wrong files) or cyber-attacks, like ransomware. Make sure family and friends have a file backup system in place. These solutions make it easy not only to back up data, but to recover it.
Enterprise Information Security hopes you found the information presented during this year’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month useful and helpful. You can view other cyber education topics on our page on The Landing or via HealthStream. It is our intent to not only educate to protect SCL Health but your family and home from cyber-attacks that can have a large impact on your personal life and finances.
Thank you for all you do in protecting SCL Health and our patients from data breaches! If you have questions please reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org.